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仿古建筑屋面琉璃瓦怎么施工?

来源:http://www.luchuangjiancai.com/ 时间:2021-11-08 浏览量:

瓦片施工作为一种传统的施工工艺,具有历史悠久的特点,其与现代施工工艺的融合,使得古建筑琉璃瓦坡面施工方法与现代施工工艺相融合。工程质量的好坏施工技术是关键,实践中,要从多方予以综合考虑,如设计、施工、监理等每一步都要严格要求。
As a traditional construction technology, tile construction has a long history. Its integration with modern construction technology makes the construction method of glazed tile slope of ancient buildings integrated with modern construction technology. Construction technology is the key to the quality of the project. In practice, it should be comprehensively considered from many aspects, such as design, construction, supervision and so on.
首先要完善细部节点设计,对设计施工图纸进行高程度的熟悉,提出屋面配瓦方案。收集整理施工放样及数据,编制详细的施工技术方案,认真做好施工前的图纸熟悉及施工放样等工作。对于正脊、细部阴沟、檐口、翼角等进行细部节点设计。对于出现的问题及时反映进行解决,进行足尺放样后,记录相关数据及时测量。
First of all, we should improve the detailed node design, be familiar with the design and construction drawings to a high degree, and put forward the roof tile distribution scheme. Collect and sort out construction setting out and data, prepare detailed construction technical scheme, and carefully familiarize with drawings and construction setting out before construction. For the main ridge, detailed gutter, cornice, wing angle, etc., the detailed node design is carried out. The problems shall be reported and solved in time. After full-scale setting out, relevant data shall be recorded and measured in time.
材料准备
stores reserve
做好材料准备工作是保证施工顺利进行的前提,瓦的准备工作要做细做好,由专人进行采选,采取宝顶、手敲、滴水瓦进行清点。
The preparation of materials is the premise to ensure the smooth progress of construction. The preparation of tiles shall be carefully done. Special personnel shall be assigned to collect and select tiles, and the Baoding, hand tapping and dripping tiles shall be used for counting.
施工机具准备
Preparation of construction machines and tools
主要机械设备是枪杆式吊车、单相、水准仪等。所具备的工具有棉纱、线绳、灰桶、电缆线、脚踏板、铝合金靠尺、囊势样板尺、墨斗、钢卷尺等,对这些施工器具进行全方位的检查,使用并配备相关备用器具,以防不测。
The main mechanical equipment is gun pole crane, single-phase, level gauge, etc. The tools include cotton yarn, rope, ash bucket, cable, foot pedal, aluminum alloy guiding ruler, bag potential sample ruler, ink bucket, steel tape, etc. These construction tools shall be checked in an all-round way, and relevant spare tools shall be used and equipped to prevent accidents.


作业条件准备
Preparation of operating conditions
主体阶段施工要点
Key points of construction in main stage
目测屋面侧面弧形顺畅,梁标高度要准确
Visually check that the side arc of the roof is smooth, and the beam mark height shall be accurate
现浇板施工时,为防止浇筑矿上浮,在施工中应注意梁面负弯矩筋必须牢靠固定,以免影响屋面坡势顺畅
During the construction of cast-in-situ slab, in order to prevent the floating of cast-in-place ore, it shall be noted that the negative moment reinforcement on the beam surface must be firmly fixed during the construction, so as not to affect the smooth slope of the roof
屋背高度要有充分保证,不足部分用砂加高(高度应考虑筒瓦、底瓦、屋面坡势顺畅及当沟瓦的高度
The height of the roof back shall be fully guaranteed, and the insufficient part shall be raised with sand (the height shall consider the smooth slope of the silo tile, bottom tile, roof slope and the height of the current trench tile)
挡泥板浇筑时,必须顺直,高度必须充分保证。
When pouring the fender, it must be straight and the height must be fully guaranteed.
屋面防水层及粘背层的施工要点
Construction points of roof waterproof layer and adhesive back layer
对屋面杂物进行彻底清理,修补平整,并打扫于净后。按常规操作要求及规范工序铺贴防水层,不得有气泡及破损点,它的做法与平屋面是完全不同的,要保证做到横向平整,囊势顺畅,并以此为原则。表面只须拉毛即可,不必压光,以便增强与粘瓦砂浆的结合力。
The sundries on the roof shall be thoroughly cleaned, repaired and leveled, and cleaned. The waterproof layer shall be paved according to the conventional operation requirements and standard processes, without bubbles and damage points. Its practice is completely different from that of the flat roof. It is necessary to ensure horizontal flatness and smooth capsule potential, which is the principle. The surface only needs to be roughened without calendering, so as to enhance the bonding force with tile bonding mortar 。
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The content of this article is provided to you by aluminum alloy tiles. We focus on customer needs, continuous development and provide customers with more services. For details, please refer to our website http://www.luchuangjiancai.com