网站公告

当前位置:首页-网站公告

铝合金吻兽相关知识?

来源:http://www.luchuangjiancai.com/ 时间:2021-12-02 浏览量:

殿宇屋顶的吻兽,是一种装饰性建筑构件,在封建社会中,构件的造型与安装位置,都被蒙上迷信色彩。《唐会要》中记载,汉代的柏梁殿上已有“鱼虬尾似鸱”一类的东西,其作用有“避火”之意。晋代之后的记载中,出现“鸱尾”一词。
The kissing beast on the roof of the temple is a decorative building component. In feudal society, the shape and installation position of the component are covered with superstition. According to Tang Huiyao, the Bailiang hall in the Han Dynasty had such things as "fish with Qiuwei like a Owl", which meant to "avoid fire". In the records after the Jin Dynasty, the word "bushtail" appeared.
中唐之后,“尾”字变成“吻”字,故又称为鸱吻,官式建筑殿宇屋顶上的正脊和垂脊上,各有不同形状和名称的吻兽,以其形状之大小和数目之多少,代表殿宇等级之高低。
After the Mid Tang Dynasty, the word "tail" became the word "kiss", so it was also called "kiss". On the main ridge and vertical ridge on the roof of the official building, there were kissing animals with different shapes and names. The size and number of their shapes represented the level of the temple.
1.大吻(正脊吻)
1. Big kiss (straight ridge kiss)
大吻,即殿宇顶上正脊两端的吻兽,一般是龙头形,张大口衔住脊端,故又称吞脊兽。
Big kiss, that is, the kissing beast at both ends of the main ridge on the top of the temple, is generally in the shape of a faucet, with a big mouth holding the ridge end, so it is also called the swallowing beast.
屋顶正脊,两个坡顶相交而产生正脊,相交处必然不会十分严密,为了使屋顶两个面的瓦件相交妥贴,不致漏水,在脊的位置上就需要加砖瓦封口,结果是高出屋面,有碍观瞻。于是古人想到在这些高出的脊上做出各种装饰,如动物、植物,以及后来形成的鸱吻,美观又实用。这个鸱吻也是很有讲究的,明清时它荣升为龙之九子之一,性格“好望好吞”。好张望使他往屋顶上爬,好吞噬使他张口咬着屋脊,工匠一剑就把他牢牢钉在屋顶,一旦打雷着火,可喷水。

The main ridge of the roof is generated by the intersection of the two slope tops. The intersection will not be very tight. In order to make the tiles on the two sides of the roof intersect properly and prevent water leakage, bricks and tiles need to be added at the position of the ridge. As a result, it is higher than the roof and hinders the view. So the ancients thought of making various decorations on these high ridges, such as animals, plants, and later formed kissing, which was beautiful and practical. This kiss is also very particular. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was promoted to one of the nine sons of the dragon, with a character of "good hope and good swallowing". Good looking makes him climb to the roof, good swallowing makes him open his mouth and bite the ridge of the roof. The craftsman nailed him firmly to the roof with a sword. Once there is thunder and fire, water can be sprayed.

目前我国大的吞脊兽,在故宫太和殿的殿顶上。太和殿的大吻,由13块琉璃件构成,总高34米,重43吨,是我国明清时代宫殿正脊吻的典型作品。
At present, China"s largest ridge swallowing beast is on the top of the Taihe Hall of the Forbidden City. The big kiss in Taihe hall, composed of 13 pieces of glass, is 34 meters high and weighs 43 tons. It is a typical work of the main ridge kiss in the palace in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
2.垂脊吻
2. Vertical ridge kiss
殿宇顶上除正脊外,还有垂脊。垂脊上的吻兽名称较多,除叫垂脊吻外,还叫屋脊走兽,檐角走兽,仙人走兽等。檐角前面的一个叫“骑凤仙人”,也叫“仙人骑鸡”。它的作用是固定垂脊下端一块瓦件。在未形成“仙人骑鸡”这一造型之前,是用一个大长钉来固定的。传说齐国国君在一次作战中失败,来到一条大河岸边,走头无路,后边追兵就要到了,危急之中,突然,一只大鸟飞到眼前,他急忙骑上大鸟,渡过大河。古人把它放在建筑脊端,也表示骑凤飞行。
In addition to the main ridge, there are vertical ridges on the top of the temple. There are many names of kissing animals on the vertical ridge. In addition to being called vertical ridge kissing, they are also called roof ridge animals, eaves angle animals, immortal animals, etc. The one in front of the eaves corner is called "Impatiens riding man", also known as "immortal riding chicken". Its function is to fix a tile at the lower end of the vertical ridge. Before the shape of "immortal riding chicken" was formed, it was fixed with a long nail. It is said that the king of the state of Qi failed in a battle and came to the Bank of a big river. There was no way to go. The pursuers behind him were about to arrive. In danger, suddenly, a big bird flew in front of him. He hurried to ride on the big bird and cross the river. The ancients put it on the ridge of the building, which also means flying on a Phoenix.
从“仙人骑鸡”向后上方排列着若干小兽,均称垂脊兽,随着殿宇等级的不同而数目不一。高等级的殿宇,如太和殿,垂脊兽的数目多,有11个。房屋品级的不同决定了垂脊兽的数量,殿宇降级,垂脊兽的数目也随之减少。如乾清宫9个,坤宁宫7个,东西六宫的殿顶上大部是5个。每个垂脊兽都有自己的名称和含意。
From the "immortal riding a chicken" to the top, there are a number of small animals, all called vertical ridge animals, which vary with the level of the temple. High level temples, such as the hall of Supreme Harmony, have a large number of ridged beasts, including 11. The different house grades determine the number of vertical ridged beasts. The number of vertical ridged beasts decreases with the degradation of the temple. For example, there are 9 Qianqing palaces, 7 Kunning palaces, and most of the top of the six East and West palaces are 5. Each Drake has its own name and meaning.
园林建筑对规格的要求就不象皇宫那么严格,颐和园里高等级的屋顶是排云殿,既是琉璃屋顶,又是全园垂脊兽数量多的大殿,但也只有七个垂脊兽,分别是龙、凤、狮子、海马、天马、押鱼、狻猊;四大部洲部分建筑是庑殿式屋顶,但只有五个垂脊兽,分别为龙、凤、狮子、海马、天马;德和园大戏楼屋脊上虽有七只小兽,但却无仙人引路。
The requirements of garden architecture on specifications are not as strict as those of the imperial palace. The high-grade roof of the summer palace is the cloud expelling hall, which is not only a glass roof, but also a large hall with a large number of vertical ridge animals in the whole park, but there are only seven vertical ridge animals, namely dragon, Phoenix, lion, seahorse, Tianma, fish and lion dragon; Some buildings in the four continents have veranda roofs, but there are only five ridge animals, namely dragon, Phoenix, lion, seahorse and Tianma; Although there are seven small animals on the ridge of the grand theater building in Dehe garden, there is no immortal to lead the way.
颐和园内布瓦屋顶上垂脊兽的顺序与琉璃瓦屋顶有所不同,一个是狮子,又叫抱头狮,以下为龙、凤、海马、天马等;还有些建筑垂脊兽顺序排列混乱,可见清晚期重修颐和园时皇宫的人力、物力、财力都有所欠缺,规矩也不象前朝那么森严,亦或内务府有偷工减料之嫌。
The order of the ridged animals on the tile roof in the summer palace is different from that on the glazed tile roof. One is a lion, also known as a lion with a head, and the following are dragons, phoenixes, seahorses, heavenly horses, etc; There are also some buildings with vertical ridges and animals in a disorderly order. It can be seen that when the summer palace was rebuilt in the late Qing Dynasty, the human, material and financial resources of the imperial palace were lacking, and the rules were not as strict as those in the previous dynasty, or the interior government was suspected of cutting corners.
垂脊兽从前面向后上方依次排列的顺序是:
The order of the Drake from front to back and up is:
①龙:古代传说中的一种神奇动物,有鳞有须有爪,能兴云作雨,在封建社会被看作是皇帝的象征。
① Dragon: a magical animal in ancient legends. It has scales, whiskers and claws. It can make clouds and rain. It is regarded as the symbol of the emperor in feudal society.
②凤:古代传说中的鸟王,雄的叫凤,雌的叫凰,通称凤。是封建时代吉瑞的象征,亦是皇后的代称。
② Phoenix: the bird king in ancient legends. The male is called Phoenix and the female is called Phoenix. It is commonly known as Phoenix. It is the symbol of giri in the feudal era and also the nickname of the queen.
③狮:古代人们认为它是兽中王,是威武的象征。
③ Lion: ancient people thought it was the king of beasts and a symbol of power.
④天马:意为神马。汉朝时,对来自西域良马的统称。
④ Tianma: it means God horse. In the Han Dynasty, it was a general term for good horses from the western regions.
⑤海马:亦叫落龙子,海龙科动物,可入中药。天马和海马象征着皇的威德可通天入海。
⑤ Seahorse: also called luolongzi, it is an animal of sea dragon family, which can be used in traditional Chinese medicine. Pegasus and seahorse symbolize the emperor's Weide, who can reach the sky and the sea.
⑥狻猊:古代传说中能食虎豹的猛兽,亦是威武百兽率从之意。
⑥ Lion dragon: the beast that can eat tigers and leopards in ancient legends is also a powerful beast.
⑦押鱼:海中异兽,亦可兴云作雨。
⑦ Fish: strange animals in the sea can also make clouds and rain.
⑧獬豸:传说中能辨别是非曲直的一种独角猛兽。是皇帝“正大光明”、“清平公正”的象征。
*: the right and wrong Unicorn beast can be distinguished from legend. It is the symbol of the emperor's "fairness and justice".
⑨斗牛:亦叫蚪牛,是古代传说中的一种龙,即虬、螭之类。虬有独角,螭无角。
⑨ Bullfighting: also known as pole bull, it is a kind of dragon in ancient legends, namely Qiu and Xiang. Qiu has a single horn, but he has no horn.
⑩行什:一种带翅膀猴面孔的人像,是压尾兽。因排行十,故名行什。。
⑩ What to do: a figure with a winged monkey face. It's a tailed beast. It is named Xingshi because it ranks ten..
以上就是铝合金吻兽http://www.luchuangjiancai.com为大家介绍的内容,感谢您在百忙之中查看我公司的信息内容,如果您想要了解的更多,欢迎您来电进行咨询!
The above is aluminum alloy http://www.luchuangjiancai.com Thank you for checking the information of our company in your busy schedule. If you want to know more, you are welcome to call for consultation!